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2019年湖北成人高考專升本《英語》備考練習題及答案(9)

2019-09-25 整編:湖北成人高考網 閱讀:

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2019年湖北成人高考專升本《英語》備考練習題及答案(9)分割線

湖北成人高考報名

2019年湖北成人高考專升本《英語》備考練習題及答案(9)分割線
2019年湖北成人高考專升本《英語》備考練習題及答案(9)
 
【導語】成人高考考生備考的時候,復習是很重要的,復習時我們可以先結合課本的深度和難度進行有針對性的學習,之后就應馬上進行相關的練習,只有在練習中我們才能更容易地發現問題,為了幫助大家更好的復習,下面湖北成人高考網給大家整理了2019年湖北成人高考專升本《英語》備考練習題及答案,供考生參考復習。
 
I. Vocabulary and structure (40分)
 
1. The professor needs an assistant that he can to take care of problems in his absence.
 
A. count in B. count up
 
C. count on D. count out
 
2. I am not sure whether l can get any profit from the business, so I can't make a(n) decision about what to do next.
 
A. exact B. denied
 
C. sure D. definite
 
3. Because of the cold weather, they through the night in the camp.
 
A. kept the burning fire B. kept the fire burning
 
C. kept the fire burnt D. kept burning the fire
 
4. Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are in stores.
 
A. ready B. available C. probable D. approachable
 
5. Many people are reported in the natural disaster.
 
A. being killed B. to be killed
 
C. to have killed D. to have been killed
 
6. If the whole surgery beforehand carefully, there would have been a better result.
 
A. was planned B. has been planned
 
C. had been planned D. were planned
 
7. Jane has said little so far, responding only briefly when
 
A. spoken B. speaking to C. speaking D. spoken to
 
8. to finish quickly.
 
A. Not every worker want B. No every workers want
 
C. Not every worker wants D. No every workers wants
 
9. The photos on the wall grandma of those happy, old days when a large family lived together.
 
A. recall B. retain C. remember D. remind
 
10. You’d better tell me beforehand if go with me.
 
A. you’ll rather not B. you won’t rather
 
C. you’d rather not D. you’d rather not to
 
11. We all hope he’ll soon his disappointment and be happy again.
 
A. get through B. get away C. get up D. get down
 
12. The problem of environment protection has been studied .
 
A. extremely B. intensively C. originally D. violently.
 
13. All games_____because of the rainstorm, many students could do nothing but study in the classroom.
 
A. were canceled B. having been canceled.
 
C. had been canceled D. have been canceled
 
14.“Did you buy anything at the clothing store?”
 
“Yes, I bought three shirts for just$120.”
 
A. fifty-dollar B. fifties-dollar
 
C. fifty-dollars D. fifties-dollars
 
15. By the time you get back, great changes_____in this area.
 
A. will take place B. will be taken place
 
C. are going to take place D. will have taken place
 
16. The boy now for the 1ight in his room is still on.
 
A. must study B. must be studying
 
C. must have studied D. would study
 
17. _____she was living in Paris that she met her husband Terry.
 
A. Just then B. It was while
 
C. Soon after D. During the time when
 
18. Technical schools prepare their students for the application of practical skills, they learn in class their work.
 
A. to B. in
 
C. for D. of
 
19. His written English was first-class and he had a(n) vocabulary for a sophomore.
 
A. intimate B. initial
 
C. inevitable D. incredible
 
20. After the company the problem of unfair competition, its sales figures dropped to a record low.
 
A. look into B. ran into
 
C. come into D. put into
 
21. John isn’t a diligent student for it is the third time he has been late, ?
 
A. wasn’t B. hasn’t it
 
C. isn’t it D. hasn’t he
 
22. He told me_____afraid because l had done nothing wrong.
 
A. to be not B. not to be
 
C. not being D. being not
 
23. Last year, the production rate by 20 percent.
 
A. rose B. raised
 
C. arose D. aroused
 
24. I hope that the good weather ______ for the rest of our trip.
 
A. holds up B. holds down
 
C. holds out D. holds in
 
25. Each person in the world has a(n) personality. They are different from one another.
 
A. only B. sole
 
C. unique D. one
 
26. With all the work on hand. He _____to the cinema last night.
 
A. should go B. must have gone
 
C. shouldn’t have gone D. might have gone
 
27. I am sorry to your feelings.
 
A. have spoilt B. have destroyed
 
C. have hurt D .have damaged
 
28. He is so wise a man that all the people _______.
 
A. 1ook him up B. 1ook into him
 
C. 1ook up to him D. 1ook to him
 
29. Yon can write the paper______ you 1ike.
 
A. whatever B. however
 
C. anyway D. some way
 
30. I don’t doubt she will learn a lot during her stay in China.
 
A. that B. if
 
C. whether D. what
 
31. Though Mum is very busy, she always some time every day to read to her children.
 
A. sets off B. sets in
 
C. sets aside D. sets up
 
32. These three girls help _____to clean the house.
 
A. one another B. each other
 
C. one and the other D. one and other
 
33. The teacher recommended that Jack math or physics instead of English because he was quick at numbers.
 
A. must study B. could study
 
C. study D. studied
 
34. He participated in the reconstruction of the city the war was over.
 
A. before long B. soon after
 
C. long after D. soon before
 
35. Only by making wise use of land to find a solution to the problem of hunger and famine.
 
A. we can be B. we will be able
 
C. will we be able D. can we
 
36. A teacher who is______ to the needs of individual student is sure to achieve some success.
 
A. serious B. sensitive
 
C. secure D. senior
 
37. Nobody any more to say, the meeting was closed.
 
A .had B. has had
 
C. having D. had had
 
38. When the guests were gone, she the tea-things in the cupboard.
 
A. put up B. put off
 
C. put away D. put in
 
39. Staying in a hotel costs renting a room in an apartment for a week.
 
A. twice more than
 
B. twice as much
 
C. as much as twice
 
D. much as twice as
 
40. One and a half years passed.
 
A. are B. were
 
C. have D. has
 
Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (50%)
 
Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:
 
Passage One
 
Population tends to grow at an exponential(指數的)rate. This means that they progressively double. As an example of this type of growth rate take one penny and double every day for one month. After the first week, you would have only 64 cent, but after the fourth week you would have over a million dollars.
 
This helps explain why the population has come on“all of a sudden” took from he beginning of human 1ife to the year 1830 for the population of the earth to reach one billion. That repents(緩慢進行) a time span of at least two million years. Then it took from 1830 to 1930 for world population to reach 2 billion. The next billion was added by 1960 only thirty years and in 1975 world population reached 4 billion which is another billion people in only fifteen years.
 
World population is increasing at a rate of 9, 000per hour, 220,000 per day and 80 million per year.
 
This is not only due to higher birth rate, but to lower death rate as well. The number of births has not declined at the same rate as the number of deaths.
 
Some countries such as Columbia, Thailand, Morocco, Costa Rica and the Philippines are doubling their population about every twenty-one years with a growth rate of 3.3 percent a year or more. The United States is doubling its population about very eighty-seven years, with a rate of 0.8 percent per year. (81)Every time a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything, including hospitals, schools, resources, food and medicines to care for its people. It is easy to see that this is very difficult to achieve for the more rapidly growing countries.
 
41. This passage chiefly discusses A. the growth of world population.
 
B. one type of the exponential rate. C. the population problem of more rapidly growing countries. D. the possible ways of dealing with the rapid population growth.
 
42. According to the passage what helps to explain why the population problem has come on “all of a sudden”?
 
A. The penny that doubles itself every day for one month.
 
B. The time span of at 1east two million years in human history.
 
C. An illustration of the exponent growth rate given by the author.
 
D. The large amount of money you would luckily make after the fourth week.
 
43. It took for the world to increase its population from 1 billion to 4 billion.
 
A. 100 years B. 175 years C. 1975 years D. over two million years
 
44. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
 
A. World population is increasing at a rate of 150 per minute.
 
B. Lower death rate also contributes to world population growth.
 
C. The population of Columbia has been doubling every year for 21 years.
 
D. The United States is usually doubling its population on about every 87 years.
 
45. When a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything including __.
 
A. hospitals and medicines B. schools and students
 
C. food and manpower resources D. all of the above
 
Questions 46 to 50 based on the following passage:
 
Passage Two
 
Women are on the whole more verbal than men. They are good at 1anguage and verbal reasoning. while men tend to be skilled at tasks demanding visual-spatial(視空)abilities. In fact, along with aggression these are the most commonly accepted difference between these sexes.
 
Words are tools for communicating with other people especially information about people. They are mainly social tools. Visual and spatial abilities are good for imagining and manipulating objects and for communicating information about them. Are these talents programmed into the brain? In some of the newest and most controversial research in neurophysiology(神經生理學), it has been suggested that when it comes to the brain males are specialists while women are generalists.
 
But one knows that, if anything this means in terms of the abilities of the two sexes. Engineering is both Visual and spatial and it’s true that there are relatively few women engineers. But women become just as skilled as men at shooting a rifle or driving a car task that involve visual-spatial skills. They also do equally well at programming a computer, which is neither visual nor spatial. Women do, however, seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves. We all know men for whom machines seem to be extensions of their identity. (82)A woman is more likely to see her car, rifle or computer as a useful tool but not in itself fascinating.
 
46. According to the passage, women are usually good at_____.
 
A. body language B. logical reasoning
 
C. tasks demanding for the use of words D. both A and B
 
47. The word "accepted” in the last sentence of the first paragraph, roughly means_____.
 
A. believed B. assumed C. received D. reconciled
 
48. In the author’s opinion, visual and spatial abilities are good for______.
 
A. achieving one’s objects. B. mind and body.
 
C. programming talents into the brain. D. imagination and communication.
 
49. All the following tasks involve visual-spatial abilities EXCEPT____.
 
A. imagining and handling objects.
 
B. providing a computer with a set of instructions
 
C. shooting a gun and driving an automobile
 
D. planning and making things as an engineer does
 
50. Why do women seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves?
 
A. Because they have no visual-spatial skills.
 
B. Because they are only good at 1anguage and verbal reasoning.
 
C. Because they are less likely to see their charming or interesting aspects.
 
D. Because they rarely use machines such as cars, rifles, computers, etc.
 
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:
 
Passage Three
 
The US. government has recently helped people learn more about the dangers of earthquakes by publishing a map. This map shows the chances of an earthquake in each part of the country. (83)The areas of the map where earthquakes are most likely to occur are called earthquake “belt”. The government is, spending a great deal money and is working hard to help discover the answer to these two questions: l. Can we predict earthquake? 2. Can we control earthquakes?
 
To answer the first question, scientists are looking very closely at the most active fault(斷層)systems in the country such as the San Andreas fault in California, a fault is break between two sections of the earth’s surface. These breaks between sections are the place where earthquake occurs. Scientists look at the faults for changes that might show that an earthquake was about to occurs. But it will probably be many years before we can predict earthquakes accurately. And the control of earthquakes is even farther away.
 
Nevertheless, there have been some interesting developments in the field of controlling earthquakes. The most interesting development concerns the Rocky Mountain Arsenal earthquakes. Here water was put into a layer of rocks 4000 meters below surface of the ground. Shortly after this injection of water, there were a small number of earthquakes. Scientists have decided that the water which was injected into rocks works like oil on each other. When the water“oiled”the fault, the fault became slippery and the energy of an earthquake was released. Scientists are still experimenting at the site of these earthquakes. They have realized that there is a connection between injection of the water and the earthquake activity. They have suggested that might be possible to use this knowledge to prevent very big destructive earthquakes, that is, scientists could inject some kind of fluid like water into faults and change one big earthquake into a number of small, harmless earthquakes.
 
51. Earthquake belts are .
 
A. maps that show where earthquakes are likely to occur
 
B. zones with a high probability of earthquakes
 
C. breaks between two sections of the earth’s surface
 
D. the two layers of earth along a fault
 
52. The San Andreas’ fault is .
 
A. an active fault system
 
B. a place where earthquakes have been predicted accurately
 
C. a place where earthquake have been controlled
 
D. the location of the Rocky Mountain
 
53. What did scientists learn about earthquakes at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal?
 
A. They occur at bout 4000 meters below ground level
 
B. The injection of water into earthquake faults prevents earthquakes from occurring.
 
C. They are usually caused by the oil in the faults.
 
D. Harmful earthquakes can be possibly prevented by causing small harmless earthquake.
 
54. What can be said about the experiments at Rocky Mountain Arsenal?
 
A. They have no practical value in earthquake prevention.
 
B. They may have practical value in earthquake prevention.
 
C. They are certain to have practical value in earthquake prevention.
 
D. he article does not say anything about their practical value in earthquake prevention.
 
55. What is the most appropriate title for the passage?
 
A. Dangers of Earthquake
 
B. Earthquake Belts and Prediction
 
C. Earthquake Prediction and Control
 
D. Earthquake Engineering in California
 
Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:
 
Passage Four
 
Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting behavior. Viewed biologically, the modern footballer is in reality a member of a hunting group. His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goalmouth. If his aim is accurate and he scores a goal, he enjoys the hunter’s triumph of killing his prey.
 
To understand how this transformation has taken place we must briefly look back at our forefathers. They spent over a million years evolving(進化) as Cooperative hunters. Their very survival depended on success in the hunting field. (84)Under this pressure their whole way of life, even their bodies, became greatly changed:They became chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and prey killers. They cooperated as skillful male group attack.
 
Then about ten thousand years ago, after this immensely long period of hunting the food, they became farmers. Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life was put to a new use——that of controlling and domesticating (馴養) their prey. The hunt became suddenly out of date. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival.
 
(85)The skills and thirst for hunting remained, however, and demanded new outlets. Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences(后果), but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. Instead the sportsmen set off to test their skill against prey that was no longer essential to their survival. To be sure, the kill may have been eaten, but there were other purposes, much simpler of obtaining a meaty meal.
 
56. What is the main idea of the passage?
 
A. Hunting is very important in human civilization.
 
B. Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern society.
 
C. It’s hunting that provides human beings with food.
 
D. The importance of sporting activities in modern society.
 
57. According to the author, sporting activities .
 
A. are essential to the survival
 
B. have actually developed from hunting
 
C. evolve as biological development
 
D. are football games
 
58. For over a million years. our forefathers were basically .
 
A. skillful sportsmen B. successful farmers
 
C. runners and jumpers D. cooperating hunters
 
59. The word“operation (Par. 4)refers to .
 
A. sports activities B. hunting C. farmers D. prey killing
 
60. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
 
A. The goalmouth is equal to the weapon in hunting.
 
B. Without hunting our forefathers couldn’t live.
 
C. After our forefathers became farmers they still hunted for food.
 
D. Farmers are satisfied with stable lives and they didn’t have enthusiasm for hunting any more
 
III. Cloze Test (20分)
 
The Red Cross is 61 organization which cares for people who are in 62 of help. A man in a Paris hospital who needs blood, a woman in Mexico who was injured 63 an earthquake, and a family in India 64 lost their home in a storm may all 65 by the Red Cross.
 
The Red Cross exists in almost every country 66 the world . The World Red Cross Organizations are sometimes are sometimes called the Red Crescent(新月) the Red Mogen David, the Sun , and the Red Lion . All of these agencies 67 a common goal of trying 68 people in need.
 
The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and 69 during a war started 70 Jean Henry Dunant. In 1859, he observed 71 suffering 72 a battlefield in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded people 73 of which side they were 74 .The most important result of his work was an international treaty 75 the Geneva Convention(日內瓦公約). It 76 prisoners of war, the sick and wounded, and 77 citizens during a war.
 
The American Red Cross 78 by Clara Barton in 1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of 79 for the public. Such as helping people in need, teaching first aid,
 
80 water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood.
 
61. A. internationally B. an international C. a worldly D. a world’s
 
62. A.lack B. supply C. necessity D. need
 
63. A. in B. at C. by D. on
 
64. A. where B. that C. when D. whom
 
65. A. be aiding B. be aided C. aid D. aided
 
66. A. around B. on C. within D. of
 
67. A. belong to B. owe C win D. share
 
68. A. with helping B. and help C. to help D. for helping
 
69. A. wounding B. having wounded C. wounded D. being wounded
 
70. A. from B. with C. by D. at
 
71. A. how were people B. how people were C. people were how D. people how were
 
72. A. from B. on C. by D. with
 
73. A. regardless B. in favor C. despite D. on account
 
74. A. fought for B. fighting for C. fought D. fighting
 
75. A. to call B. calling C. call D. called
 
76. A. prohibits B. protests C. protects D. provides
 
77. A. other B. others C. another D. the other
 
78. A. was setting up B. has been set up C. was set up D. had been set up
 
79. A. services B. helpings C. facilities D. money
 
80. A. to demonstrate B. demonstrating C. demonstration D. demonstrates
 
答案詳解
 
I. Vocabulary and structure
 
1. C count on sb.:依靠、指望某人,其為固定短語,其他選項均無此意。句意:老師希望在他不在的時候有一個助手幫他處理問題。
 
2. D exact:準確的;right:正確的;sure:確信的;一定的;可靠的;definite:明確的、確切的;一定的.、肯定的.。本題中是穿越大西洋的航海旅行,只有voyage符合題意。句意:約翰森夫婦還沒有為穿越大西洋的航海旅行作任何準備。
 
3. B keep sth. + V.ing形式:使某物繼續保持某種狀態。句意:由于天氣寒冷,他們在野營的夜晚一直點著火。
 
4. B ready:準備就緒的、樂意的;available:現成可使用的、可利用的、可得到的;probable:很可能的、大概的;approachable:可接近的、隨和的。食物在商店里應該是可以買到的,所以使用available. 句意:商店里有售可直接烹飪的方便食品。
 
5. D 動詞的過去完成時表示已經發生的動作,同時被報道應使用被動態。句意:據報道,許多人死于這場自然災害。
 
6. C 表示“本可能發生卻未發生的事情”, 條件從句用過去完成時, 主句用would have done, should have done, might / could have done。句意:如果事前仔細設計了整個手術的話,結果會更好。
 
7. D speak to sb.:對某人講話。此處使用被動態, 別人對Jane說話。句意:Jane寡言少語,當被問及才簡單地回答幾句。
 
8. C every后面的名詞用單數,跟動詞使用第三人稱單數。句意:并不是每一個工人都想迅速地結束。
 
9. D recall:回憶起、召回、收回、撤銷;retain:保留、保持;remember:記住;remind sb. of :提醒某人某事。句意:墻上的照片使奶奶想起以前一大家子住在一起時快樂的日子。
 
10. C would rather not do sth.:不愿做某事。句意:如果你不愿和我去. 你最好提前告訴我。
 
11. A get through:完成;度過、通過;講清楚;打通電話;get away:走開;逃脫;(with)做了壞事而逃脫責罰;get up:起床;get down:下來;寫下;使沮喪;(to)著手做。句意:我們希望他會很快結束他的失望和沮喪并且又變得開心起來。
 
12. B extremely:極端地、非常地;intensively:集中地、強烈地、密集地;originally:原有地、獨創地;violently:暴力地、猛烈地。句意:環境保護的問題正在被深入地研究著。
 
13. B 現在分詞完成被動式 sb./sth. having been done。句意:由于暴風雨,所有的活動被取消了,許多學生只能呆在教室里什么也做不了。
 
14. A 在“名詞-名詞”組合的復合詞作為形容詞時,一般不需要連字符,因為混淆的可能性很小。如果“形容詞-名詞”在單獨使用情況下為復數形式,在使用連字符時要變單數。句意:“你在服裝店買東西了嗎?”“是的,我花一百二十美元買了三件價值五十美元的襯衣。”
 
15. D 將來完成時:(shall)will+have+動詞過去分詞,用來表示在將來某一時間以前已經完成或一直持續的動作。經常與before+將來時間或by+將來時間連用,也可與before或by the time引導的現在時的從句連用。句意:到你回來的時候,這個地方會發生很多變化。
 
16. B 情態動詞后跟現在進行時。句意:男孩的房間燈還亮著,他一定正在學習。
 
17. B just then:就在那時;while:當...的時候;soon after:不久以后;during the time when:在...期間。句意:當她住在巴黎的時候. 她遇見了她的丈夫Terry.
 
18. A apply A to B 將A適用于B。句意:職業學校使學生做好準備,將在課堂上所學到的實際技能使用到工作中去。
 
19. D intimate:親密的;私人的; initial:開始的;inevitable:無法避免的;incredible:令人難以想象的。句意:他的書寫英語十分優秀,他擁有著一個大二學生無法達到驚人的詞匯量。
 
20. B look into:調查、觀察;run into:遭遇(困難等);撞在…上;偶然碰見;共計;come into:繼承;獲得;得到;進來;put into:輸入;翻譯;進入。句意:自從這家公司遭遇了不公平競爭后. 它的銷售指數降到了歷史新低。
 
21. C 反義疑問后半句,以it作為反義疑問的提問詞,動詞be(is. isn't are aren't was wasn't were weren't )+人稱代詞主格或there。句意:John不是一個勤奮的孩子,這已經是他第三次遲到了,難道不是嗎?
 
22. B tell sb. not to do sth. 告訴某人不要做某事。句意:由于我什么都沒有做錯,他告訴我不要害怕。
 
23. A rise:vi.升起、起立(床);上漲;raise:vt./ n.舉起;增加;籌集;引起;養育;arise:vi.產生、出現;起源于;起身(床);arouse:vt.引起、激起、喚起、喚醒。句意:去年生產率增長了百分之二十。
 
24. C hold up:支持、支撐;延遲;展示、舉出;搶劫;hold down:阻止上漲;壓制、控制;保持住(工作等);hold out:伸出;維持;堅持(要求);不屈服;hold in:約束、抑制、克制。句意:我希望這種好天氣能一直持續到我們的旅行結束。
 
25. C only:唯一的、最好的;sole:唯一的、獨有的;unique:唯一的、獨一無二的;極不尋常的;one 一個。句意:世界上的每一個人都擁有著獨一無二的性格,而每個人都是互不相同的。
 
26. C 該做而未做: should have done;不該做而做了: should not have done。句意:手頭上有許多工作. 他昨晚卻去了電影院。
 
27. C spoil:損壞、溺愛;destroy:破壞、毀壞;hurt:弄傷(痛);傷感情;危(損)害;damage:毀壞、損害。句意:對不起. 我傷害了你的感情。
 
28. C look sb. Up:拜訪某人;look into sb.:調查、觀察某人;look up to sb.:尊敬某人;look to sb. 照管、留心、指望某人。句意:他是一位充滿智慧的人. 所有的人都很尊敬他。
 
29. C whatever:pron.無論什么 a.不管怎樣的;however:ad.然而、可是、無論如何;conj.不管怎樣;anyway:ad.不管怎么說、至少、不論以何種方式;some way:一部分、有點。句意:你可以以自己喜歡的任何形式來寫這篇論文。
 
30. C 在be uncertain/doubtful之后,常用whether引導賓語從句。句意:我不知她是否能從她的中國之行學到很多。
 
31. C set off:出發、啟程;激起、引起;set in:開始(并將延續下去);set aside:留出、撥出(時間等);把…置于一旁;set up:創立. 建立。句意:即使母親很忙. 她仍然每天勻出時間讀書給孩子聽。
 
32. A one another:互相(三者及三者以上);each other:互相、彼此(二者);one and the other 一個和另一個。句意:這三個女孩子來互相幫忙打掃房間。
 
33. C recommend that sb (should) do sth. :建議某人做某事。句意:老師建議Jack學習數學和物理而不是英語,因為他計算很快。
 
34. B before long:不久以后;soon after:很快;long after:很久以后;soon before:不久以前。句意:戰爭結束后不久. 他參加了這個城市的重建。
 
35. C 副詞only置于句首,強調方式狀語、條件狀語、地點狀語、時間狀語等狀語時,主句要進行部分倒裝。句意:只有明智地使用這片土地,才能找到解決饑荒問題的方法。
 
36. B serious:嚴重的、重要的、認真的、嚴肅的; sensitive:敏感的、神經過敏的、易受傷害的; secure: 安全的、牢固的; senior:地位高的、年長的。句意:一位能夠迅速感知每位學生需求的老師必定會取得成功。
 
37. C V.+ing. 表原因。句意:沒有人還想說什么,所以會議結束了。
 
38. C put up 建造;張貼;提高;投宿;提出;put off 推遲;put away 放好、收好;put in 花費、付出(時間等);正式提出、申請。句意:當客人離開以后,她收拾好櫥柜里的茶具。
 
39. B 數量詞+as much/many as +n. 固定搭配。句意:在賓館里待一周會比租一套公寓多花一倍錢。
 
40. D one and a half:后面接復數名詞,比如接名詞是時間、距離、金錢和度量衡的時候就都應該用單數謂語動詞。句意:一年半已經過去了。
 
Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension
 
41. A 主旨題。題干大意是:本篇文章主要討論的是______。從文章第一句“Population tends to grow at an exponential rate.”可知,本篇文章主要討論人口增長。故正確答案為A。
 
42. C 事實細節題。題干大意是:______可以解釋人口突然增長的問題。從文章第二段This helps explain why the population has come on“a11 of a sudden”took from he beginning of human life to the year 1830 for the population of the earth to reach one billion. 作者舉出實例來解釋人口突然增長的問題。故正確答案為C。
 
43. B 事實細節題。題干大意是:世界人口要從十億增長到四十億需要花_____年。原文“The next billion was added by 1960 only thirty years and in 1975 world population reached 4 billion which is another billion people in only fifteen years. ”可以得知175 years為正確答案. 故選擇B。
 
44. C 推理判斷題。題干大意為:下列哪項說明不是真實的?根據原文“World population is increasing at a rate of 9, 000per hour,220,000 per day and 80 million per year.”得知A選項正確。因為9000除以60為150。根據原文“This is not only due to higher birth rate, but to lower death rate as well. The number of births has not declined at the same rate as the number of deaths.”得知低死亡率同樣影響了世界人口的增長. 所以B選項正確。根據原文“Some countries such as Columbia, Thailand Morocco Costa Rica. and the Philippines are doubling their population about every twenty-one years with a growth rate of 3.3 percent a year or more.”得知C選項錯誤。根據原文“The United States is doubling its population about very eighty-seven years, with a rate of 0.8 percent per year. ”得知D選項正確。故正確答案為C。
 
45. A 事實細節題。題干大意為:當人口翻一番,國家的______需求會變為以前的兩倍。根據原文“Every time a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything, including hospitals, schools , resources ,food and medicines to care for its people.”得知A選項正確。
 
46. C 事實細節題。題干大意為:婦女一般善于做______。根據原文“They are good at 1anguage and verbal reasoning. while men tend to be skilled at tasks demanding visual—spatial(視空)abilities. ”得知tasks demanding for the use of words正確。
 
47. A 事實細節題。題干大意為:第一段最后一句中的“accepted”意為______。
 
在文中第一段的最后一句“In fact, along with aggression. these are the most commonly accepted difference between these sexes. ”中,accepted為相信、認為的意思。
 
48. D 事實細節題。題干大意為:作者認為. 視覺和空間能力尤對______好。根據原文“Visual and spatial abilities are good for imagining and manipulating objects and for communicating information about them. ”得知對于imaging and communicating很好. 故正確答案為D。
 
49. B 事實細節題。題干大意為:以下任務除了______都包括視力空間能力。根據原文“Engineering is both Visual and spatial. and it’s true that there are relatively few women engineers. But women become just as skilled as men at shooting a rifle or driving a car. task that involve visual-spatial skills. They also do equally well at programming a computer, which is neither visual nor spatial. Women do, however, seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves.”得知providing a computer with a set of instructions不包含視力及空間能力。
 
50. C 事實細節題。題干大意為:為什么婦女更不易于愛上事物本身?根據原文“Women do, however, seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves. We all know men for whom machines seem to be extensions of their identity. A woman is more likely to see her car, rifle, or computer as a useful tool but not in itself fascinating.”得知婦女不易于發現事物本身的延伸——即有趣的一面. 故正確答案為C。
 
51. B 事實細節題。題干大意為:地震帶是_______。根據原文“The areas of the map where earthquakes are most likely to occur are called earthquake “belt”。
 
52. A 事實細節題。題干大意為:San Andreas斷層是_______。根據原文“To answer the first question, scientists are looking very closely at the most active fault(斷層)systems in the country. such as the San Andreas fault in California, a fault is break between two sections of the earth's surface. ”得知San Andreas斷層是most active fault system。故正確答案為A。
 
53. D 事實細節題。題干大意為:科學家從Rocky Mountain Arsenal地震中學到了什么?根據原文“They have realized that there is a connection between injection of the water and the earthquake activity. They have suggested that might be possible to use this knowledge to prevent very big destructive earthquakes, that is, scientists could inject some kind of fluid like water into faults and change one big earthquake into a number of small, harmless earthquakes.”得知一些無害小地震可以阻止大型傷亡嚴重地震的發生。故正確答案為D。
 
54. B 事實細節題。題干大意為:從Rocky Mountain Arsenal的研究可以得知_______。根據原文最后一段“ Nevertheless, there have been some interesting developments in the field of controlling earthquakes. The most interesting development concerns the Rocky Mountain Arsenal earthquakes. Here water was put into a 1ayer of rocks 4000 meters below surface of the ground. Shortly after this injection of water. there was a small number of earthquakes. ”可以推斷出這個實驗對于預防地震有實際效果。故正確答案為B。
 
55. C 推理判斷題。題干大意是:本文最合適的題目是?根據內容可以推斷出全文主要涉及地震分析、預防及其控制。
 
56. B 主旨題。題干大意為:全片主旨為?根據原文topic sentence“Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting behavior.”可以推斷出全文主要涉及體育運動和現代社會需求的關系. 故正確答案為B。
 
57. B 事實細節題。題干大意是:作者認為,體育活動是______。根據原文“Instead the sportsmen set off to test their skill against prey that was no longer essential to their survival.”得知體育活動對于生存不是必需的。根據原文“Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. ”得知體育運動是從狩獵緩慢演變而來. 故正確答案為B。
 
58. D 事實細節題。題干大意是:一百萬年以前. 我們的祖先是______。根據原文“Then about ten thousand years ago, after this immensely long period of hunting the food. they became farmers. Their improved intelligence. so vita1 to their old hunting life was put to a new use——that of controlling and. domesticating (馴養) their prey. The hunt became suddenly out of date. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival. ”得知祖先是在合作狩獵. 故正確答案為D。
 
59. D 事實細節題。題干大意是:第四段中的“operation”意思是_______。根據原文“Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences(后果), but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. ”得知“operation”指的是成功狩獵后的宰殺。
 
60. B 推理判斷題。題干大意是:根據原文. 下列哪個選項是真實的?根據原文“His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goalmouth.”goalmouth應該對應獵物,所以A選項錯誤。根據原文“Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity.”得知后期祖先不是因食物而打獵,而是出于運動的目的,故答案為B。
 
III. Cloze
 
61. B worldly 世俗的、世故的;internationally為副詞形式。而此處需形容詞性來修飾organization. 可知B為正確答案。
 
62. D in need of...急需. 缺少...;lack of...缺少...;supply n. 補給、供給、供應品;necessity n.必需品、必要(性)、(迫切)需要。此處為急需幫忙。
 
63. A 在一次地震中受傷。
 
64. B where指地點;that引導從句、無實義;when指時間;whom指人(賓格)。根據句意為一個在印度的家庭。
 
65. B may情態動詞后接動詞原形,故may be aided。
 
66. A 在世界上:in/all over the world. 故正確答案為A。
 
67. D belong to 屬于;owe 欠;應該把…歸功于;感激、感恩;win 贏得;share 分享. 分擔;分配。句意為共有一個目標,所以正確答案為share。
 
68. C try to do sth. 試圖做某事。句意為試圖幫助有需要的人們。
 
69. C the +adj. 表示一類人。the wounded表示受傷的人。
 
70. B 根據句意“由Jean Henry Dunant引起的戰爭”。
 
71. B 陳述句中使用特殊疑問詞后謂語使用陳述句語序,故使用people were suffering。
 
72. B on a battlefield 在戰場上,固定搭配。
 
73. A regardless of 不顧、不惜;in favor of 支持、贊同;despite of 盡管;on account of 為了…的緣、因為、由于。根據句意“他想幫助所有受傷的人而不顧他為哪方而戰。”
 
74. B fight for...為...而戰,固定搭配。句中使用過去進行時。故正確答案為B。
 
75. D called 被稱為、被叫作...
 
76. C prohibit 禁止、不準;protest 抗議、反對;protect 保護;provide 提供。Protect sb. Of/from sth. 保護某人不受...。句意中“保護犯人不受戰爭、戰爭、疾病的影響”。
 
77. A other 其他的;others 其他(復數);another 再(另)一個;the other 二者中的另一個(單數)。Other + n. :句中other citizens 表其他國民。
 
78. C 一般過去時表示過去某個時間里發生的動作或狀態;過去習慣性、經常性的動作、行為;過去主語所具備的能力和性格?;窘Y構:主語+動詞過去式+其他;否定形式①was/were+not;②在行為動詞前加didn't. 同時還原行為動詞;一般疑問句Did+主語+do+其他。句中“美國的紅十字協會于1881年由Clara Barton建立。” 故正確答案為C。
 
79. A service 服務;helping 服務;facility 設施;money 金錢。根據原句:Such as helping people in need, teaching first aid, water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood. 均指各種服務. 所以正確答案為A。
 
80. B 保持謂語一致. 原句中出現了helping,teaching,providing,故demonstrate也應使用ing.形式. 故正確答案為B。

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